Nairobi is the capital of Kenya. The city was originally given its name after a water hole taken from the Maasai phrase which translates to a place of Cool Waters and refers to the Nairobi River which flows through the city. The City is referred to as the “Green City in the Sun”. Nairobi is Kenya’s largest city with a population of 4,000,000. After their independence in 1963 Nairobi became a center for the colony’s coffee, tea and sisal industry. The city of Nairobi is the 10th largest city in Africa including the population of its suburbs.
With over 100 major international companies and organizations, Nairobi is an established city with businesses and culture.
Nairobi’s main street at the time, Biashara Street was completely rebuilt in the early 1900’s after the outbreak of the plague and the burning of the original town. In 1905 the city grew around administration and tourism initially in the form of big game hunting. As the British game hunters began to explore the region this prompted the colonial government to build several hotels in the city.
Nairobi today is a dynamic city of contrasts as you can find the old with the newer multi-ethnic more modern Kenyan culture. It is a city which blends people from all cultures with its modern skyscrapers, excellent restaurants, modern shopping malls and private and public transportation.
Good to Know
- Language: English and Swahili
- Currency: Kenyan Shilling (KES)
- Time Zone: GMT (+3)
- Country Code: +254
Planning Your Nairobi Visit
When to go?
Although Nairobi is situated in the middle of East Africa, its high altitude, about a mile above sea level, means that the city's climate is mild year-round. Visitors are spared the extreme, blistering temperatures found in other regions of Africa, or even other areas within Kenya. Summer months in Nairobi are December through March, when average highs are in the upper 70s and lows are in the mid- to upper-50s.